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Nunavik Offshore Agreement

The implementation plan is a very important aspect of any implementation process, as it defines the obligations and responsibilities of each party, as well as the timelines for implementing these obligations and responsibilities in terms of financing all costs and expenses associated with the implementation of a contract. The plan also includes the amount of resources and responsibilities in implementing a treaty. The NILCA implementation plan, jointly developed by representatives of Canada and the Makivik Corporation, is not a land agreement or contract within the meaning of Section 35 of the Constitution Act of 1982, but constitutes a legally binding contract between the parties, unless otherwise stated. The first phase of the implementation plan began with the entry into force of the NILCA and ends on the tenth anniversary of the entry into force of the NILCA. Appendix B of the implementation plan includes funding payments and possible annual adjustments during the first implementation period. The 2008 Nunavik Inuit Land Claims Agreement, which settled the Nunavik Inuit offshore claim, contains a language describing the agreement, as well as the Cree Offshore American Agreement, signed on July 7. Finally, as a result of these new conditions, the NILCA implementation process proved to be much more effective than that of the James Bay and Northern Quebec Agreement, signed by the Nunavik Inuit in 1975. The latter agreement did not contain specific procedures or details essential to its implementation, which has led to many implementation difficulties in recent decades. Cree not only obtain surface and underground rights to the land they own, but they are also entitled to equity from all developments in the extraction of raw materials that could occur in their offshore territory, the so-called Eeyou Marine region. Nunavik Inuit`s offshore rights were recognized as unfinished business in the 1975 Agreements of The Bay and Northern Quebec. However, it took years of meticulous research and active political lobbying for the formal declaration of a request for negotiation with the federal government to finally be adopted in January 1992. During the same period, a separate application was made to Labrador. It was adopted in June 1993 for negotiations.

The James Bay Islands, covered by the agreement, were mainly used by Cree hunters, although the Inuit, whose descendants still live in Chisasibi, hunted there, particularly on Charlton Island, which is now uninhabited. The agreement also creates an impact assessment board, a planning commission and an animal council.

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